Recurrent nerve paresis – what is it?
A recurrent nerve paresis or paralysis is a partial or total functional loss of the nerve that control vocal fold mobility. Such a disorder may result in hoarseness, swallowing or breathing problems. Most patients suffer from a breathy voice and reduced loadness when one side is affected and the other side remains intact.
About 10,000 times a year in Germany, the diagnosis „Recurrent paralysis“ is provided. A proven method to treat the consequences of unilateral recurrent paralysis is vocal fold augmentation. The further development of implants and surgical techniques opened up new possibilities. Recurrent nerve paralysis is a damage of the laryngeal nerves (recurrent nerves) and leads to laryngeal palsy. As a result, the movement of the vocal cord of the affected side is disturbed. As a result, the vocal sound is breathed, quiet and hoarse. In some patients, only the loud voice is affected. Often there is also a swallowing disorder. All of these symptoms of unilateral recurrent paralysis can usually be treated well with a „augmentation“ of the paralyzed vocal cord.
Recurrent paresis (also called vocal fold paralysis, laryngeal paralysis, paresis, vocal fold arrest, vocal fold reduced mobility) is damage to the laryngeal nerve (recurrent nerve) and leads to paralysis of the vocal fold. Causes of vocal cord paralysis are often operations or diseases of the neck or upper thorax (i.e. thyroid, carotid artery, cervical spine, heart, lungs, lymph node enlargement but also metastases). Often, however, there is no identifiable cause. As a result, the movement of the vocal fold of the affected side is disturbed and the vocal folds no longer close properly.
Our voice clinic is highly specialized is diagnosing all reasons and effects of Recurrent nerve paresis and offers state-of-art therapeutical options to regain a mostly normal voice function. Patients come from all over the world for phonosurgical treatment, e.g. injection laryngoplasty (augmentation).